вторник, 22 августа 2017 г.

14. GLOSS OF SUBSTANCES

14. GLOSS OF SUBSTANCES

The reasons for gloss of substances, as in the case of the color of substances, are:
1) qualitative and quantitative composition of chemical elements of the substance;
2) quality of particles bombarding elements;
Gloss is an optical property:
1) either originally inherent to the chemical elements of the substance – appeared together with the emergence of these elements;
2) or acquired by friction caused by another substance that has strong chemical bonds.
Let's consider successively both cases of existence of the gloss. At first - inherent, then – acquired.
Gloss is inherent in elements, which manifest metallic properties.
The metallic properties of chemical elements are due Are caused by the manifestation outward of the total Field of Attraction, but not the Field of Repulsion.  And the more its magnitude - the Field of Attraction, the stronger the metallic properties of the element.
The more particles with the gravitational field in the chemical element, the larger its total Field of Attraction.  However, this does not mean that this element will have the manifested externally Field Attraction. After all, if for example the particles with repulsion fields will prevail in its peripheral layers, so they, in this way, will shield the Field of Attraction of the Element core. And as a result, not a Field of Attraction, but a Repulsion Field can manifest itself outward from such an element.
Elements-metals, unlike nonmetallic elements, continue to build their "body" constantly at any opportunity. Thanks to the Fields of Attraction existing in metal elements free elementary particles of any quality, which find themselves in a coverage area of these Fields, they are attracted to such elements. Attracted free elementary particles accumulate in the intervals between the elements and on the surface of the metallic body. 
Accumulation of optical photons of any type in the composition of a substance, consisting of metal elements, just leads to the appearance of characteristic metallic gloss. The mechanism of its occurrence is explained as follows.
Those surfaces of chemical elements of substance, which do not participate in the formation of chemical bonds with each other, usually reflect "light" (and other elementary particles). And of course first of all, these are chemical elements on the surface of a body containing metal elements. Moreover, not only optical photons accumulate, and elementary particles of any quality that fall within the zone of action of the gravitational field of the substance. For example, infrared or radio photons. Herewith the particles with the gravitational fields are attracted best of all, since they in contrast to particles with a repulsion field do not create a repulsive force in relation to a chemical element.
However, the main role in the appearance of metallic gloss is played by elementary particles with repulsion fields. 
Elements-metals, unlike nonmetallic elements, due to the large magnitude of the Fields of Attraction have a remarkable ability to accumulate not only free particles with the fields of attraction, but also particles with repulsion fields. Particles with Repulsion Fields create a Repulsion Force in the particles to be contacted. However, it is due to the large force of attraction caused by the elements of metals the repulsive force of particles Yang does not cause them to move away from these elements. So they are withheld in their composition.
Here it is necessary to remind that the particles with repulsion fields predominate in the composition of the radiation of any celestial body (for example, the Sun). Herewith, the number of particles, belonging to the radio and infrared ranges, is the largest. 
So, the particles with repulsion fields mainly of the radio and infrared ranges accumulating on the surface of metal elements create a kind of "protective layer" in the form of ether emitted by particles (this is the ether of the Repulsion Fields). 
Thus, the accumulation on the surface of the metal elements the particles with repulsion fields leads to the fact that the falling on the element particles are poorly absorbed and almost completely reflected (repelled). We perceive reflection in the unchanged qualitative and quantitative composition of the falling optical photons as metalic glosser.
And, pay attention. Due to the fact that the elements of metals have large fields of attraction accumulated by them on the surface of free particles, which are responsible for the increased reflectivity of metals, when colliding with them of falling photons are not emitted themselves. Ie they remain in the chemical element. That is why gloss of many metals has the mirrored character. This means that they do not add to the reflected light beam the emitted ray. If, however, the reflected beam is added to the emitted ray - ie accumulated free particles are also emitted in a significant amount, then it is no longer a question of glosser, but of the white color of a chemical element.
As is known, there are many types of chemical elements of metals. They differ from each other in the magnitude of their Fields of Attraction. Those of them, whose Fields of Attraction are not so large, will not have a mirror shine. Instead, there will be a dull sheen, somewhere close to white color. And all this is due to the fact that these elements emit a lot of their own accumulated free particles.
Not only optical photons may be reflected. Reflection of IR and radio photons occurs even better because they absorb less ether in a unit of time. And, consequently, the force of attraction that arises in them with respect to the element is less. It is known, for example, that metals reflect the predominant number of IR and radio photons falling on them. Radio photons are reflected by metals in a greater degree compared to IR photons. The last property - the reflection of radio-photons - is the basis for receiving of radio and television broadcasts.